Garden Pest Control – Types of Garden Pests

To the one who thinks, sleeps and eats (oops, sorry) plants, gardening is the best piece of job, but even the most enthusiastic person can’t help but raise his arms in despair when it comes to maintain one infested with pests. This happens because of inadequate info on garden pest control measures; despite umpteen trials, the garden turns into an entomologist’s paradise! However, applying appropriate garden pest control methods have been found to hold results to the maximum!

The simple reason behind is the pest control methods are different for different species of plants; it takes just one wrong step (or spray?) to paint your entire world into brown. Therefore, don’t haste; before embarking upon the different pest control measures, we need to know appropriately the most common garden pests. Else, your quest for freedom may well eradicate all those that are highly needed.

Let’s start with insects, the most common among the garden pests and belonging to the phylum Arthropoda. It’s their six legs with several joints that make them stand out from the rest; another sign that defines them are the three main divisions in their body: the head, the thorax and the abdomen, upon which, the wings (if any) rest. Spiracles (pores) and tracheae (air tubes) form their respiratory system and an exoskeleton (an outer hardened shell) gives them their shape. Moths, flies, beetles and the likes come under this category.

Next are mites from the arachnid (spider) family; four pairs of legs (except woodlice) are the defining factors for them. There are also the ones with tubular bodies with two pairs of legs attached to each segment resembling caterpillars; these are the millipedes.

Among the invisible ones, bacteria and virus is the most common and there are many that are detrimental to plant life. These are the harmful, unicellular pests.

The fungus groups are devoid of chlorophyll and hence must extract their life force from others and causing rotting in plants. However, they are less problematic to get rid of if compared to the mammals and the birds.

Among the mammals, the extremities are the rodents and the bears; they require specially trained forces for complete eradication. But as for the birds, it’s the crows and the blue jays that are considered menaces. And the list stretches to gulls, pigeons, magpies, robins, starlings and sparrows.

This was just an outline of the most common garden pests and when they don’t appear as real threats; however, when they are present by hordes, you need to call for professional exterminators instead of trying to get rid of them with your own efforts.

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Common Varieties Of Pests – Do They Bother You?

A riddle to start with: what spreads 33 kinds of bacteria, at least 6 different types of parasitic worms and half a dozen more viral/bacterial pathogens deadly for the mammal group as well?

Various Pests

Various Pests

Entomologists won’t have any trouble figuring it out; however, for us common people, the answer could be a shocking one. And if cockroaches alone can do so much, imagine what other domestic pests can do! The other common types of pests include termites, houseflies, mosquitoes, ants, rodents and rats and there is one point common in all of them –they spread diseases and damage properties. Hence, it is extremely important to get rid of them through appropriate measures; measures that will not just exterminate them but shall also block the future chances of invasion. Let’s see how.

While most of you are thinking insecticides to be an effective pest control method, it’s of no use unless you also take care of cutting out the sources that attract the pests by dozens. Therefore, you must remove any traces of humidity, moisture and stale water from your surroundings and must not allow any wood to stay in contact with the ground. Besides, it’s also important that you do not leave particles of food strewn across your residence. These three measures have been found to work for all. After that, spray the applicable pesticides but it’s always better to hire a professional pest control agency for an effective application.

For rats and rodents, you must remember that they are rapid in movement and are excellent climbers. Food sources are what that attracts them, especially during the nights. If you find considerable damages have been inflicted to the pipes, woodworks and the electric cables in and around your household as well as deep burrows made in your garden, you can be rest assured of being plagued by these pests. So fill the burrows with water from your garden hose; don’t spill rat poison in them as they may contaminate the ground. Instead, use the humane rattraps to catch them and dump them elsewhere. However, a professional pest control agency can help you greatly in taking care of the latter part.

Protect Your House from Termites

We all know termites can damage a home and we take every measure to protect our respective houses from their insatiable hunger; it’s the termites extermination agencies that are called upon when homegrown remedies fall short and they add the financial damage on top of the loss of valuables. Quite a nightmare! But let’s focus on a few astonishing facts about termites for the time being:

  • Damages inflicted by termites all over the country totals to billions of dollars annually.
  • No termites can be found in the state of Alaska.
  • It’s the subterranean termites that are considered the most destructive species – in the sense – they are hard to detect.
  • Insurances cannot be claimed for termite damages.

That brings to homeowners two options – either you overcrowd the state of Alaska or take the necessary precautionary measures against termites. Those who are thinking about spraying pesticides and closing the chapter, for them, the words of Dr. Nan-Yao Su, (Entomology Department, University of Florida) may hold special value. According to her, while termites extermination can be achieved through certain measures for a temporary relief, the best way to prevent them from invading a home is by taking adequate protection while a home is getting built.

That way, it’s the treated wood that comes first to the mind unless you embark upon using wood that resists termites naturally (Burma Teak, for example). Treating the wood chemically with compounds like CCA (Chromate Copper Arsenate) is effective, but they impose a health risk to humans as well. Therefore, with the world turning towards more eco-friendly solutions of recent, demands for simple but natural methods are been sought.

One such way is to keep wood away from the ground. This can be achieved by keeping everything comprising wood at least at a six-inch height from the ground. Firewood if kept against the walls of a house attracts termite and so does profuse use of mulch as much as moisture accumulation in and around the foundation. Thus, a wise option for termite extermination is to avoid all that’s aforementioned; for preventing moisture accumulation, there should be kept some means to direct the stagnant water away from a house’s foundation as well as getting rid of water pipes that leak and fixing up leaky air-conditioning units. Lastly, splash blocks as well as downspouts must be maintained regularly with the ground surrounding the foundation shaped into a slope to drain the accumulated water away.

With all these measures taken and with adequate ventilation in crawlspaces (i.e. the low space beneath a floor of a building that gives workers access to wiring or plumbing), there is no reason why you should fail in the process of termite extermination.